A pelvic fracture is usually the result of a major trauma like a motor vehicle crash, industrial accident, a fall from a tall height in young patients, or a fall from standing in elderly patients. There are three bones within the pelvis that can be fractured, with the treatment depending on the bone injured and the severity of its injury. In more severe pelvic fractures, there is a possibility of blood loss and other injuries. Common treatments for a fractured pelvis range from limited weight bearing on your legs to surgical repair of the fracture. Much relief is felt within the first six months of injury.
Acetabular fracture is usually the result of a motor vehicle crash. In this type of injury, the socket connecting the pelvis to the femur is broken. The most common treatment for this type of fracture is surgery followed by physiotherapy.
Hip fracture is more common in elderly persons who have fallen. It also can be caused by a direct blow or a motor vehicle or motorcycle crash. After the hip is fractured, it is common for your leg to turn outward and shorten. The usual treatment for a hip fracture is surgery followed by physiotherapy.
Femur (thighbone) fracture
Femur (thighbone) fracture usually is the result of a major force or trauma. It requires a considerable force to break a normal femur — the longest and strongest bone in the body. The usual treatment for this fracture is surgery followed by physiotherapy.
Patella (kneecap) fracture
Patella (kneecap) fracture usually is the result of direct trauma to the knee. It can be caused by a fall, motor vehicle crash, motorcycle crash or automobile-pedestrian crash. This fracture may be treated with a knee immobilizer or by surgery depending on the severity followed up with physiotherapy.
Tibial and/or fibular (lower leg) fracture
Tibial and/or fibular (lower leg) fracture usually is the result of direct trauma to the lower leg. The causes of this type of fracture include falls from a height and motor vehicle collisions. The force of the trauma will directly influence the severity of the injury. Treatments range from a simple cast to surgery and should always be followed by physiotherapy.
Ankle fractures can be caused by a variety of trauma types — such as a fall; a direct blow to the ankle; or a motor vehicle collision. The treatment of ankle fractures varies with the severity of the fracture. Ankle fractures are treated with splints, casts or surgery followed by physiotherapy.
A Calcaneus (heel) fracture
A Calcaneus (heel) fracture usually is the result of a fall from a significant height when the patient lands directly on the feet. This type of injury usually causes great swelling and is often accompanied by fractures to the back. The treatment of these fractures varies from splints, to casts, to surgery. Surgery often is performed after the swelling has gone down. Physiotherapy can help you achieve maximum possible recovery.